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VR and AR technology What are they? How do they work?

If, at the beginning of the century, someone had said that in 20 years the technology would grow enough to have mobiles with huge touch screens, glasses with sound or a combination of both, nobody would have believed it.

However, today many companies are taking advantage of the potential of VR and AR technologies to offer better and more attractive products, such as bingo, action or fighting games.

To learn more about these, we invite you to continue reading, as we will show you what these technologies are and how they work.

What is VR?

VR stands for Virtual Reality, or in Spanish, virtual reality. This technology is characterized by putting people in the role of the main character, allowing them to see and hear as if they were in their place.

It is worth mentioning that the virtual reality that we know now is nothing compared to the first versions of a few decades ago.

In the 60s the first version of VR was created and in the 80s a second came out, which was designed by VPL Research (a company that popularized the term “virtual reality”). Back then, VR headsets consisted of a motion sensor and a glove, just like the ones we know today.

This VR technology was forgotten, until in 2012 a group of entrepreneurs created Oculus, which is the basis of most of the equipment available today.

The main idea of ​​this new version of VR was to apply it to video games; something that online casinos have been doing to provide a more real experience to players.

However, this technology is being given other applications, such as Virtual tours for construction projects and surgery simulation.

VR performance

Virtual reality technology works thanks to the possibility of isolating people (through a screen and headphones) from the space in which they are.

Thanks to the perception of sound, sight and even the sense of balance, people feel inside a reality different from their own.

What is AR?

On the other hand, we have the AR, which in Spanish means augmented reality. Unlike VR, this technology does not introduce the person into a reality, but instead shows virtual elements in the physical space in which they are located.

This is achieved through software and hardware that allows the person to visualize objects that do not exist.

Augmented reality is not something new. In fact, the first models of this technology emerged in the 90s.

But it was not until the 2000s when augmented reality had the greatest impact, since, for the first time, a soccer game could be seen with the team logos on the pitch, placed digitally.

In 2010, Microsoft brought to light the Kinecta device that allowed, through a camera, to control the console by means of movements.

However, one of the best examples of this technology was Pokémon GO, a video game that became very popular by allowing digital monsters to be “captured” in a real environment.

AR Operation

Virtual reality works thanks to software that is responsible for creating the fictional elements, as well as hardware to visualize them (such as cameras, screens and lenses). Depending on the type of AR, certain specific actions can be carried out.

For example, Pokémon GO shows animations through the mobile that seem to be in real space, since it makes use of the phone’s camera.

Similarly, Google lenses allow you to unite the real world with digitally created objects, since they are displayed on the same lens glass.

The most recent technology of this type is the Microsoft Hololens, a lens of mixed reality (a mixture between VR and AR) that includes image and audio, but with the possibility of seeing what happens in the real world. It is a solution designed for industrial use, although it could have other applications.

In short, the virtual reality and augmented realitythey go hand in hand, but they are different technologies.

It is worth mentioning that VR is more affordable and has many applications in the world of video games, while AR not so much.

However, these technologies are not exclusive, but it is possible to combine them to obtain a better experience.